Myopia treatment options for children 

 

 

Eyeglasses or contact lenses are the most common methods of correcting myopia symptoms

in children.  However, these treatment options do not stop the myopia progression and their

myopia becomes progressively greater over time

 

Atropine eye drops

 

Atropine eye drops has been found in several studies to reduce the progression of myopia, meaning that students who were given the eye drop did not become as myopic as those students without the medication.

 

Clinical trials by Singapore National Eye Centre and Singapore Eye Research Institute have shown that low-dose (0.01%) atropine is effective in slowing myopia progression by 50-60% over a two-year period, and with very little side-effects. The effect of low-dose atropine appears to build over time, being better in the second than first year.

 

However, Atropine 1% causes unwanted side effects such as:

 

  1. Glare and photophobia because of pupillary dilatation

  2. Blurred near vision due to reduction in accommodation (near focusing ability) resulting in difficulty with near work activity e.g., reading and writing.

  3. Allergic conjunctivitis and dermatitis

 

Studies conducted by the Singapore National Eye Centre, shows that Atropine 0.01% (Myopine) has minimal side effects compared with atropine at 0.1% and 0.5%, and retains comparable efficacy in controlling myopia progression.

 

As it causes minimal increase in pupil size, children do not require tinted or progressive add glasses. Children are less likely to have other side-effects like dry eye or allergy. As such, low-dose (0.01%) atropine is safer and it is a more comfortable eyedrop to use than higher-dose atropine (1%, for example). 

 

Myopine (Atropine 0.01%)

 

  • No Allergic conjunctivitis or dermatitis

  • No change in IOP (intraocular eye pressure) 

  • No cataract formation

  • No loss of accommodation or permanent pupil dilation after cessation of drops

  • No retinal changes, by electrophysiology

 

Please consult an eye-care professional on the best treatment options for your child. 

 

What is Myopine?